Adhikar was established in 1991 by a group of intellectuals under the leadership of Mr. Mohammad Nooruddin Amin to make a significant contribution in the lives of underprivileged slum dwellers of Bhubaneswar (especially women and children) who were agonized under social and legal discriminations, poor and unhygienic living conditions and threat from insensitive state machinery. Adhikar believed that when women have access to better income and health, then their families’ access to healthcare, nutritious food and education improves.