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Livelihood & food security

Generating a large number of sustainable livelihood options, particularly for the poor, is the single most important challenge facing the Indian economy and unless it is addressed forthwith, the problem will threaten the very fabric of our polity and society.To address the issue Adhikar has been acting single-mindedly since a decade and contributing in its own way towards a long-term solution to impoverishment. The activities during this period were comprehensive in nature, woven into a singular agenda of poverty alleviation through a range of micro level experiments leading to realization of human dignity & justice.

Nearly 70 percent of the arable land is under rain fed conditions, which contributes only 40 percent to the national food basket. Crop production in dry areas is merely dependent on rainfall, which is seasonal, erratic & highly variable in space & time. The evaporation in dry areas is high, leading to drought. Because of it, crop production under the traditional land use systems suffers a lot. The traditional pattern of land use is the basic cause for poor economic condition of the farmers in dry land regions. The only solution lies in scientific & judicious management of limited resources in an integrated manner of ensure management of limited resources in an integrated manner to ensure adequate supply of food, fodder & fuel. Therefore, alternate land use systems suit to such situation as a drought proofing measure and offers great scope to stabilize & increase the productivity of farm as a whole.
Taking clues from this approach, Adhikar attempted to introduce one comprehensive livelihood & food security programme for creating effective & sustainable employment opportunities through agriculture & allied agricultural interventions to check rampant migration from its project area covering 7000 population in 20 villages under Bandhamunda & Knadapada Gram Panchayats of Ranpur block, the most vulnerable area of Nayagad district. In its intervention, Adhikar undertook the following activities & follow up actions for stabilizing the experiment

Highland cultivation:
As farming in the area is rain fed the portion of high lands remain vacant or given least priority for cultivation. Adhikar organized the farmers to make use of such land for profitable agriculture by imparting suitable trainings & providing inputs like seeds &balanced nutrient for the purpose of demonstration.

Community vegetable farming:
The objective of this activity was to organize interested small land holders & landless farmers of cultivating vegetables on co-operative basis on a common patch of land which leased in for a season. Vegetable seeds & required nutrients were provided to commercially grow brinjal, pumpkin, cucumber, bitter gourd, ladies finger, tomato & sweet gourd. The effort witnessed production of bumper crops, which proved to be an economically viable proposition.

Community orchard:
Community leaving is within the blood of the villagers. Accordingly in village base traditionally they have been kept some portion of land, forest, water & religion institutions as community asset. The individualistic attitudes along with several things gradually reducing community living as well as community assets. To revive the concept with the objective to use the fellow land in a productive way Adhikar has developed a community orchard & which will subsequently replicated in the other villages.
  

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